Evolution of Science and Technology / Mokslo ir technikos raida, Vol 5, No 1 (2013)

Władysław Wielhorski (1885–1967) – Historian, Polilical Scientist and Public Figure

Henryka Ilgiewicz (Vilniaus Gedimino technikos universitetas)


The paper introduces the reader to life and work of Władysław Wielhorski – Polish historian, political scientist, researcher of Lithuanian history and culture, and director of the School of Political Sciences in Vilnius. During the First World War, he lived in Balčiai (Samogitia), in 1921–1924 – in Kaunas and in 1924–1940 – in Vilnius. While residing in Kaunas, he was an active member of the Polish community. He frequently commented on the anti-Polish policy undertaken by the Lithuanian government and therefore was forced to leave Lithuania in 1924. Once he moved to Vilnius, Wielhorski defended his habilitation thesis at the Stefan Batory University. During 1931–1939, he was the appointed head of the School of Political Sciences. In 1935–1939, he was a member of Sejm of Poland. Wielhorski’s activities in Vilnius were interrupted with the outbreak of WW2. At the end of 1939, he lost his job and soon was arrested by the Soviet regime and imprisoned in Vilnius. In 1941, he was deported to Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod), soon released from prison and began working at the Polish representation in Kuibyshev (now Samara). In 1942, he moved to England and worked for various institutions and organisations of Polish Diaspora. During his emigration, Wielhorski continued to research Lithuanian history and culture as well as relations between Lithuania and Poland. In 1947, he published a monograph on the history of Lithuanian–Polish relations and later he authored a study on the influence of Lithuanians, Poles and Byelorussians on the culture of the Lithuanian Grand Duchy. The study was published in the scientific journal of Polish Diaspora “Alma Mater Vilnensis”. These publications contributed to dissemination of knowledge about Lithuania and provided students of the University of Polish Diaspora with better understanding of the history and culture of their homeland.

Article in: Lithuanian

Article published: 2013-04-12

Keyword(s): Władysław Wielhorski; School of Political Sciences in Vilnius; Eastern European Research Institute in Vilnius; scientific life in Vilnius between WW1 and WW2; public figures of Polish Diaspora

DOI: 10.3846/est.2013.02

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Mokslo ir technikos raida - Evolution of Science and Technology ISSN 2029-2430 eISSN 2029-2449