Evolution of Science and Technology / Mokslo ir technikos raida, Vol 2, No 1 (2010)

The Architectural Building Heritage of Antanas Bistrickas

Rėda Bistrickaitė
Valerijus Keras


The nowadays high schools are interested in appreciation from time to time of true worth of their activity. Particularly there emerge an actuality for verification of effectiveness of their links with needs of economic structures and society in whole. They decide to analyse long- time data of achievements and career disturbances of their graduates.
Well known subsystems of nowadays Lithuanian high schools commemorate the a jubilee of their origins. Among these nowadays schools, faculties and directions of the science to reckon to technical trend there is a Faculty of Building and Architecture in Kaunas Technological University. For some time there the most notable practical activities and results to be characteristic of the graduates of University are studied. Also there the living peculiarities and distinctions of the most honourable graduates are revealed.
Antanas Bistrickas, a builder – engineer, constructor, etc. is quite an interesting person and – a graduate of building department (nowadays Faculty).
Antanas Bistrickas was born in 1900. So we may commemorate the jubilee of this event too. As a building engineer A. Bistrickas graduated from University Vytauti in 1933. After graduation he passed a short time on engineering practice. Shortly after that he was called by his professor to occupy a certain duty in the same University he graduated from.
Practically all professional life of this person was related with the building engineering branch in the same University to be differently named in times of independent Lithuania and at Soviet time. Some time later he was teaching at Kaunas polytechnic institute when this high school was organized on the basis of technical faculties acting formerly in the structure of the Kaunas State University. There he had a career of engineer, professor, dean of the building faculty, vice – rector, etc. Antanas Bistrickas died in 1971.
The basic heritage of Antanas Bistrickas onto practical activity of building engineering contains designing and constructing of the sacral objects, dwelling houses and some verification of strength and exploitability to be distinctive of various building structures after the Second World War. His heritage is worthy of an extensive study from various standpoints, positions and criteria.
First of all, this heritage contains an interesting reconnaissance in design of modern sacral objects. It is displayed in architectural forms of sacral buildings especially. Also there can be a new for that time building engineering practice, efforts for adaption of the modern building materials. Particularly there can be mentioned the reinforced concrete, complex concrete with using of a rolled steel beams, reinforced brickwork for high thin elements of building structures and long span floors or overlapings, etc.
There may be noted the intensive activity of this person which produced the sustainable noteworthy results in every position he was called to occupy.
The most interesting object designed and realized by A. Bistrickas is the church of St. Antonius in Kaunas city. There some quite complicated engineering problems were solved related to hydro – geological situation of soils to be laid on the lot of church. It generates a problem of stability of the church towers and columns, prevention of their deviations and some other difficulties. For example, in the soil supporting footings of towers and columns their loading generates local pressure. Consequently, there may act combined stresses and strains. An irregular loading, as well as combined stresses and strains can be a premise of overloading and limit state in non – rigid flexible soils. In this state large deformations and deviations can be evaluated expecially when the hydro – geological characteristics of soil are variable at various periods of the year. Finally, it can be a premise of crushing of towers and columns. These processes were not exactly studied at the time of church building.
There can be considered variants of architectural design of the church appearance. Author produced the five projects on this matter. The most developed variation contains five towers simetrically laid on frontage of the church. The towers generate an impression of vertical dynamics of this building. Joined among them by graduated parapet the frontal composition of the church is based on the image of architectural waves to be decreasing on both sides. Unfortunately, the resource of the customer (parish) was not enough for improvement and realization of this project.

Article in Lithuanian

Article in: English

Article published:

Keyword(s): Jubilee; Bistrickas; sacral buildings; projects; structures; heritage

DOI: 10.3846/est.2010.24

Full Text: PDF pdf



1. Medžio konstrukcijų studijos Kaune
Rėda Bistrickaitė, Valerijus Keras
Mokslo ir technikos raida  vol: 4  issue: 2  first page: 112  year: 2012  
doi: 10.3846/est.2012.09

Mokslo ir technikos raida - Evolution of Science and Technology ISSN 2029-2430 eISSN 2029-2449